Immigration activists, allies, and targets

President Obama’s shift in administrative policy on immigration has provided some political space for immigration activists pressing for comprehensive reform.  Days after the announcement, the White House hosted a conference on immigration issues that included 200 activists (reported in Politico).

The activists heard from high-level administration officials, including Homeland Secretary Janet Napolitano.  Although the session was planned months earlier, the decision not to deport DREAM-eligible young people dominated discussion.  According to Gabriela Pacheco, twenty-seven years old and undocumented, who was present at some of the meetings, “There was a lot of mistrust in the room, but at the same time there was a sense of thankfulness that came with it because it was the president that made this announcement on Friday.”

Activists can’t let their gratitude get in the way of their larger ambitions.  They have to find a way to work with Obama, who has been a sometime ally and frequent target for their efforts.  Their interests may coincide, but they are certainly not identical.  First and foremost, Obama is working to win reelection.  That may be a necessary step toward comprehensive reform, but it’s certainly not sufficient.  Immigration activists are well aware that Obama did not deliver on his campaign promise of comprehensive reform, nor was he even able to push Congress (then under Democratic control) to pass the DREAM Act.

Lyndon Johnson meets with civil rights activists in the White House

Successful politicians sell out the movements they surf (discussed here), riding their energy and directing it for their own purposes.  It’s a trick for activists to be clear-eyed about this and get as much as they can for their efforts.

First John F. Kennedy and then Lyndon Johnson pushed civil rights activists in the early 1960s to focus on voter registration, an important part of their much larger agenda.  It might have been a good choice, but it surely wasn’t the only one, nor was it uncontroversial.

Because of his willingness to push the Voting Rights Act through Congress, President Johnson expected loyalty from the civil rights activists.  Activists, of course, wanted more.  Johnson felt betrayed when Martin Luther King came out against the Vietnam war in 1967.

Activists for immigration reform have to find a way to take what President Obama has delivered and figure out how to press for more.  Their efforts may include working for Obama’s reelection, but that can’t be enough.

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About David S. Meyer

Author and professor of Sociology and Political Science at the University of California, Irvine
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